Agricultural Scientists vs. Animal Scientists

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Agricultural Scientists

Agricultural Scientists understand and improve the biological and chemical makeup of food that is consumed.

  • They work with crop production and soil management which is Agronomy.
  •  Agricultural Scientists conduct inspections ensure that humane and sanitary facilities are available.
  • They research, test and monitor milk production from cows and the quality and quantity of animal’s reproductive levels.
  • On farms and within livestock living areas they monitor the quality of water and soil pollutant levels.
  • Colleges and universities in the U.S. have state land-grant colleges and universities that offer animal science, agriculture and food sciences curriculum.
  • A bachelor’s degree in agricultural science can lead to work in farming, agricultural inspection or in companies that manufacture farming equipment.
  • Undergraduate courses in biology, physics, engineering and chemistry can also lead to careers as Agricultural Scientists.
  • With an advanced degree such as a doctorate (Ph.D.) in this fieldwork could also involve genetic research and application.
  • Average salaries for Agricultural and Food Scientists for state, local and private colleges and universities after some experience in the field can be about $46,000. With a PhD in these areas those working within private organizations can earn annual salaries of $57,000 or more.

Agricultural and Food Science and Animal Science are very similar sciences with career requirements that can overlap within the specific disciplines.  

Animal Scientists

Animal Scientists usually work with animals for food production unlike most Veterinarians whose primary concern is the care of animals.

  • Look for land-grant colleges and universities that offers animal science, agricultural science and food sciences curriculum.
  • A bachelor’s degree in agricultural science can lead to work in farming, agricultural inspection or in companies that manufacture farming equipment and more.
  • Undergraduate courses in biology, physics, engineering and chemistry can also lead to careers as an Agricultural and Animal Scientists after degrees are earned.
  • Some positions including product development require a bachelor’s degree in agricultural science.
  • Those with the best chance of advancing in this field are those who have attained an industry related PhD in these areas.

More information

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Posted in Science Careers, STEM Careers, Women in Science

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