10 Science STEM Careers Women Should Try

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Food Scientist


As a Food Scientist you will work in many areas including developing and researching new and existing food products, understanding and improving food processes; researching genetics of plants; studying the biological and chemical makeup of food along with food packaging and design.

The average salary of Food Scientists (also called Agricultural Scientists) after some work experience in the field can be about $46,000 for those working in state, local and private colleges and universities.  With a Ph.D. those working in private organizations can start from $57,000 or more annually.  Must have skills include a high tolerance of a variety of environments is with regular visits to farms, manufacturing and food processing plants.

Unique features of career– Food Scientist usually understand how ecosystems work and how pest infiltrate and impact both water and soil.  High interest in food safety is fueling an increase in the need for more Food Scientists.

Necessary soft skills – Writing skills are highly valued in this career.  Successful Food and Agricultural Scientists have excellent communication abilities and can creatively interpret and apply data and information into projects.

If you easily analyze data and you’re  good at  solving problems; enjoy researching facts, have excellent critical-thinking, analytical and observation skills and advanced mathematical ability. this career may be for you.

One Really impactful thing about this career, job or working environment – The projected increase of Food and Agricultural Scientists and a high demand for safe food and pharmaceutical products are good signs for future growth in this area.  Even with all the above factored into the future outlook of this career this a Highly Competitive field.

One Really Positive Thing about this career, job or working environment – Private industry has increased its demand for agricultural and food scientists for many reasons including a need for greater expertise in developing food, crops, and pharmaceutical items. As food scientists many in this field can discover healthy and innovative  sources to  improve food.

Flowers under L Tracks-Botany

Photographer – Eddie Fisher

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C. W. Wilson

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15 Ways to Have Happy Employees

Tips 11 – 15

11.    These include an employees’ relationship with their boss and coworkers; how the work environment expresses the company culture; highly competitive salaries and increases; great job growth opportunities and the actual work that is performed daily for the job.  When employees perceive a majority of these actions positively employees can feel more satisfaction with the jobs they perform.
12.    Although a perfect fifty-fifty balance between work and an employee’s personal life is somewhat of a myth, if an employee feels there is dynamic integration of their work and personal life and goals this can help employees feel enthusiastic about their jobs.
13.    When an employee’s job is successfully integrated with their personal life the number of hours spent at work may not be a major restraint when the employee feels they are working toward goals and projects that will be acknowledged and recognized by management within their organization.  Employees who are able to balance the demands of their job with the needs and wants of their personal life can feel empowered and appear to be the most satisfied with their jobs and careers.
14.    When employees feel their interests and well being are aligned with an organizations’ policies and procedures, and management values their ideas and intelligence as individuals not just workers, studies have shown employees are happier and perform their jobs to their highest abilities.
15.    When employers make constructive adaptations to policies that show value in employee’s worth at the workplace employees can feel more focused, positive, contented and even feel happier on the job.  Employees’ eagerness positively impacts the organizations’ profit.

C. Wils

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5 More Ways – Happy Employees


Tips – 6 through  10

6.    Studies also show that if an employer exhibits positive rewards and opportunities for employee’s ideas and input employees could be more willing to take bold and constructive risks.

7.    These risks can include implementing new time and cost saving processes and ideas from employees that can be beneficial to the organization’s profit.  Management can avoid large numbers of unmotivated employees when policies, procedures and practices change they make sure that incentives, employee acknowledgements and rewards for jobs well done are included in those changes.

8.    Employees enjoying satisfactorily work environments are not necessarily free of conflict that will occasionally arise on the job.  When conflict occurs it is beneficial that management has already incorporated constructive conflict policies and procedures that all employees follow including top management.

9.    Progressive organizations’ management teams understand that innovations within organizations is one of the most important tools for future growth.

10.    Unhappy and dissatisfied employees can cost large organizations millions of dollars in lost productivity.  Keeping employees satisfied involve a variety of behaviors, actions and factors.

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C. Wils

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15 Tips Happy Productive Employees

Tips – 1 through 5HappyEmployee1A

1.    Being happy on the job could be a real emotional stretch for most employees.  Instead of using the word happy (which some people shy away from) another expression of happiness could be finding a balance between the satisfaction of completing successful projects while also experiencing harmonious teamwork with peers and managers on the job.
2.    Studies have shown that Employers can provide specific tools that allow Employees to enjoy their jobs.  Employees also contribute to happiness or enjoyment of their job and work projects.
3.    When employees feel satisfied by the quality of work and results from their job they experience greater loyalty toward their employer.
4.    Some reasons employees don’t remain at organizations include feeling a lack of improvement of their skills; an inability to become promoted and perceptions of stagnation within their careers.
5.    When employees are unhappy with bosses’ treatment of them including feelings that arbitrary decisions from upper management and bosses are made without considering how these new changes will impact employee’s work and even personal lives, employees could become very disgruntled.

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Botany vs. Conservation Science

Photographer - Eddie Fisher

Photographer – Eddie Fisher


Botanists study plants for a variety of purposes including improving quality of life for both plant life and humans. Research by these scientists improves pharmaceutical medicines along with food and food products. These scientists also research natural fibers and building materials from trees and plants. Botanists’ work falls in many areas including Conservation, Environmental Protection and Public Health.

Some Botanists are also called Plant Biologists and they work within a wide area of concentration. Some Ecology Botanists concentrate on interactions of plants with their environment including animals and humans. Many Botanists perform fieldwork searching and discovering new species of plants. Other Botanists or Plant Biologists research and analyze the structure of plants. Many Botanists perform experiments to discover minute details of plants and how plants convert from simple compounds to complex chemicals.

Careers in Botany include Ecologist, Conservationist and Foresters. Other careers in Botany include work involving Biophysics, Developmental Botany, Genetics. Microbiology or Mycology are other areas that work with Botany.

Other areas that Botanist work with include:
Ornamental Horticulture, Plant Biochemist, Plant Physiologist, Molecular Biologist or Chemo Taxonomist, Plant Breeding and Plant Pathology.

 Conservation Scientists

Conservation Scientists work to research, understand and implement ecologically safe relationships between nature and humans and manage natural resources while balancing human needs and activities regarding land and ownership. These scientists work with a ‘big picture” viewpoint of a variety of factors affecting natural environments working closely with and advising crop landowners, farmers and property owners ensuring natural land preservation meets their needs.

There are three major areas of concentrations Conservation Scientists are employed within:

They protect and manage forests, grasslands, wetlands and even desert areas in the United States. Other titles in the concentration include Range Managers, Range Scientists, or Range Ecologists.
These scientists assist in developing and implementing effective strategies for land preservation while assisting to balance the needs of property owners along with the least impact to soil health.
Water Conservationists research, test and ensure water supplies are free from pollution and contaminants.

C. W. Wilson

More information including working environments and best educational options for Botanists and Conservationists.

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Agricultural Scientists vs. Animal Scientists


Agricultural Scientists

Agricultural Scientists understand and improve the biological and chemical makeup of food that is consumed.

  • They work with crop production and soil management which is Agronomy.
  •  Agricultural Scientists conduct inspections ensure that humane and sanitary facilities are available.
  • They research, test and monitor milk production from cows and the quality and quantity of animal’s reproductive levels.
  • On farms and within livestock living areas they monitor the quality of water and soil pollutant levels.
  • Colleges and universities in the U.S. have state land-grant colleges and universities that offer animal science, agriculture and food sciences curriculum.
  • A bachelor’s degree in agricultural science can lead to work in farming, agricultural inspection or in companies that manufacture farming equipment.
  • Undergraduate courses in biology, physics, engineering and chemistry can also lead to careers as Agricultural Scientists.
  • With an advanced degree such as a doctorate (Ph.D.) in this fieldwork could also involve genetic research and application.
  • Average salaries for Agricultural and Food Scientists for state, local and private colleges and universities after some experience in the field can be about $46,000. With a PhD in these areas those working within private organizations can earn annual salaries of $57,000 or more.

Agricultural and Food Science and Animal Science are very similar sciences with career requirements that can overlap within the specific disciplines.  

Animal Scientists

Animal Scientists usually work with animals for food production unlike most Veterinarians whose primary concern is the care of animals.

  • Look for land-grant colleges and universities that offers animal science, agricultural science and food sciences curriculum.
  • A bachelor’s degree in agricultural science can lead to work in farming, agricultural inspection or in companies that manufacture farming equipment and more.
  • Undergraduate courses in biology, physics, engineering and chemistry can also lead to careers as an Agricultural and Animal Scientists after degrees are earned.
  • Some positions including product development require a bachelor’s degree in agricultural science.
  • Those with the best chance of advancing in this field are those who have attained an industry related PhD in these areas.

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Get a Green Job


Photographer – Eddie Fisher

Green Jobs are for people in careers that work with plants and trees. These jobs even include those who work with earth’s animal wildlife population that assist plants in producing, cultivating and sustaining the green earth.

Under the concentration of Conservation Scientists and Foresters these jobs include Hydrology, Plant Molecular Biology, Plant Genetics, Organic Chemistry, Range Ecologists, Soil Conservationists and Water Conservationists.

Horticulture is a discipline of Botany along with various concentrations including Plant Ecology, Plant Biotechnology, Paleobotany, Plant Physiology, Phytochemistry and Plant Pathology.

Environmental Scientists concentrations include Environmental Chemists, Environmental Health Specialists and Environmental Protection Specialists.

Those with jobs as Herpetologists, Limnologists, Mammalogists, Marine Biologists, Ornithologists, Zoologists, Wildlife Educators and Wildlife Rehabilitators work with the abundance of earth’s animals and insects. All of these jobs and careers are ”Green Jobs.”

More on these Green Jobs

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